Some Common Genetic Diseases

All degenerative diseases entail some type of impairment of DNA and gene activity. For example, some types of DNA damage are inherited and cause specific diseases, such as sickle-cell anemia.

Cancer results from DNA damage that totally rewrites normal genetic instructions.As you get older, you acquire increasing amounts of genetic damage that affect your body’s outward appearance and how well the interior of your body functions.

Aging. Although aging is not generally considered a disease, it possesses the genetic hallmarks of a disease: progressive damage to DNA that increases the risk of developing diseases. For example, wrinkled skin reflects underlying DNA damage to skin cells.


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